Configuring Logging

Here we will look at various ways to control log output generated by the node using the yaml-configuration file of the node. We assume that you have built a node and are able to run it with our own custom configuration, which is described in this tutorial and in this tutorial.
When you start the node using the default configuration, logging is switched on, log output is directed to the console and to a (rolling) file in folder logs/, minimal severity is Notice, and verbosity is normal. We will see how to change all of these and more in this tutorial using various options in the configuration file.
We can disable logging completely by setting TurnOnLoggin to False:
TurnOnLogging: False
Log messages come with different severities (Debug, Info, Notice and Warning and Error), and we can specify the minimal severity of messages that will be passed on (the the console, a file or another logging backend). Messages with a lower severity will be suppressed. By changing this minimal severity to Debug, we will therefore see messages of all severities; by changing it to Error, we will only see the most severe messages:
minSeverity: Debug
The severity is displayed in the beginning of each log message (in this example, there is one message with severity Debug, and there are two with severity Notice):
Note: Lowering the minimal severity harms efficiency, so while using a low severity can be very helpful for debugging a problem, it should be used with care during normal operation. The same is true for other options which produce more logging output described below.
In addition to severity, log messages come with verbosity, which can be MinimalVerbosity, NormalVerbosity or MaximalVerbosity. Changing the verbosity will not change which messages will be displayed, but the amount of information contained in each message.
TracingVerbosity: MinimalVerbosity
As mentioned above, by default log output is directed to the console and to file logs/mainnet.log. This behavior is handled by so-called "scribes", which we can configure in sections defaultScribes and setupScribes of the configuration file.
Section defaultScribes makes types of scribes available. By default these types are FileSK for writing to a file and StdoutSK for writing to the console. (There are also the types JournalSK for systemd's journal system and DevNullSK for directing the output to nowhere, but those are not available by default.)
Section setupScribes lists those scribes that are actually used. Their kinds must be configured in the defaultScribes section before they can be used. For example, if we want logging to go to logs/mylog.log in Json-format, we can configure this as follows:
setupScribes:
- scKind: FileSK
scName: "logs/mylog.log"
scFormat: ScJson
Scribes of type FileSK use rotating log files (keeping the newest log messages in the configured log file and moving older messages to archive files), and the rotation-behavior can be configured in section rotation.
The configuration options discussed until now were all global, they effected all subsystems simulatneously. It is possible to activate or deactivate logging for specific subsystems by setting the corresponding flags to True or False accordingly. Those flags can be found in the section starting with the comment "##### Coarse grained logging control #####".
For example, if we want to activate logging for all subsystems related to block fetching, we can achieve this as follows:
# Trace BlockFetch client.
TraceBlockFetchClient: True
​
# Trace BlockFetch decisions made by the BlockFetch client.
TraceBlockFetchDecisions: True
​
# Trace BlockFetch protocol messages.
TraceBlockFetchProtocol: True
​
# Serialised Trace BlockFetch protocol messages.
TraceBlockFetchProtocolSerialised: True
​
# Trace BlockFetch server.
TraceBlockFetchServer: True
It is also possible to exert more fine-grained control on what information to log, but that is out of scope for this tutorial.
QUESTIONS AND FEEDBACK
If you have any questions and suggestions while taking the lessons please feel free to ask in the forum and we will respond as soon as possible.